Jump to navigation Jump to search LES CHEVALIERS PDF article is about the French dynastic order of chivalry. For the Catholic religious order, see Order of the Holy Ghost. This article needs additional citations for verification.
Treize scènes médiévales, parmi elles les croisades, le siège d’un château, l’entraînement des chevaliers, un grand festin.
Plus de 200 autocollants pour habiller les chevaliers selon les occasions, y compris avec armure, équipement de joute et armes.
Grand soin apporté aux détails historiques.
Permet aussi de découvrir des faits fascinants sur le Moyen Âge.
Vivant et ludique.
It should not be confused with the Congregation of the Holy Ghost or with the religious Order of the Holy Ghost. Although officially abolished by the government authorities in 1830 following the July Revolution, its activities carried on. It is still recognised by the International Commission on Orders of Chivalry. Prior to the creation of the Order of the Holy Spirit in 1578 by King Henri III, the senior order of chivalry in France had been the Order of Saint Michael. At the beginning of the reign of Henry III, the Order of Saint Michael had several hundred living members, ranging from kings to bourgeois.
Recognising that the order had been significantly devalued, Henry III founded the Order of the Holy Spirit on December 31, 1578, thereby creating a two-tier system: the new order would be reserved for princes and powerful nobles, whilst the Order of Saint Michael would be for less eminent servants of the Crown. During the French Revolution, the Order of the Holy Spirit was officially abolished by the French government, along with all other chivalric orders of the Ancien Régime, although the exiled Louis XVIII continued to acknowledge it. Initially, four of the ecclesiastic members had to be cardinals, whilst the other four had to be archbishops or prelates. This was later relaxed so that all eight had to be either cardinals, archbishops or prelates. Members of the order had to be Roman Catholic and had to be able to demonstrate three degrees of nobility. Foreign royalty could be admitted to the order from the age of 25. All knights of the order were also members of the Order of Saint Michael.
The order had its own officers. They were responsible for the ceremonies and the administration of the order. At the periphery, the eight points of the cross are rounded, and between each pair of arms there is a fleur-de-lis. Imposed on the centre of the cross is a dove.